Kampen - Room for the river

Zwolle - Overijssel - The Netherlands

Cycling route 777153

Provided by: Peter, Overijssel

2868 4
51.06 km
900 kcal
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Ferry Zalk - Veecaten (near junction 3)
It could just be the back-and-werewolf from Pluk van de Petteflet. Call three times and you will be taken to the other side. This centuries-old ferry connection is the only one of the six ferries that were once in service in the municipality of Kampen. In the past it was mainly used for the crossing of children from Veecaten who went to school in Zalk and for churchgoers who went to church in Zalk. By the way, it still has the latter function.
Sailing times:
April, May and September: 10am - 6pm
June to August: 10am - 6pm and 7pm - 9pm

Zalk nature development in the flood plains (between junctions 3 and 76)
Within the framework of Rijkswaterstaat project "Room for the river", floodplains are being redesigned at 5 different locations due to nature compensation. In the Zalkerbosch, the existing hardwood riparian forest will be expanded by 5 hectares. Ooibos originated naturally along rivers. Ewe is an old word for wet terrain near a river. Along the rivers, softwood forests are found in many moist places. These forests are dominated by willows. Hardwood floodplain forests are forests of the higher, drier parts of the floodplain and usually consist of oak, elm and ash. These are much rarer in the Netherlands. The Zalkerbosch is one of the few locations in the Netherlands where this still occurs. It is even considered to be the most developed hardwood riparian forest in the Netherlands.

Reevediep (between junction 44 and De Chalmotweg)
The Reevediep is one of the largest "room for the river" measures in the Netherlands. Not only in terms of space taken, but especially also in terms of the contribution that is made to flood risk management in the area from Zwolle, Hattem, Elburg to Kampen and Zwartewaterland. The Reevediep creates a more than 6 km long connection between the IJssel and the Veluwerandmeren. The approximately 350 hectares of new nature that will be created will mainly consist of wet nature that will enhance the character of the river delta, such as reed marsh and open water.

Inhabitants of this area have always had to deal with high water. Characteristic farms from that time are therefore built on mounds. This area used to be regularly flooded by the IJssel and the former Zuiderzee. On the other side of the road, the last major extension of the city of Kampen has been realized, the Onderdijks residential area.

Wheels or swirls (between De Chalmotweg and junction 40)
You regularly see wheels (or gullies) along old river dikes. These beautiful silent waters are remnants of dike breaches, sometimes caused by drifting ice. This has created deep holes, up to 10 meters deep. The sand from the chamber was deposited behind the chamber. When breaking through, the force of the water was so great that the dike could no longer be closed. A new stretch of dike was then built around the chamber. Here along the Venedijk Noord there are three gullies. To the south of the high-water channel along the Venedijk Zuid, four more can be found.

Nature reserve the Enk (between National road N50 and junction 69)
Here you can see reed beds of the De Enk nature reserve with the viaducts of the Hanzelijn and Rijksweg N50 in the background (the point where the Reevediep crosses this infrastructure). The Enk nature reserve is a remnant of an old estuary of the former Zuiderzee. The Zuiderzee regularly invaded the area. The area that was isolated for a long time is part of the approximately 350 hectares of new nature that is being created in the Reevediep. In the spring, the black tern is a loyal visitor to De Enk. Birds naturally build their nests on floating water plants, but here, as elsewhere in our country, they are given a helping hand by placing artificial nest rafts.

Zwartendijk (past junction 69 at the Bovenbroeksweg)
Zwartendijk is an old seawall that protected Kampen against the former Zuiderzee. There have been many dike breaches here, as can be seen from the many gullies. They are silent witnesses to disasters that took place here in the past.

Nature compensation (start of Buitendijksweg)
Besides meadow birds, a number of other protected bird species also benefit from the mandatory nature compensation. These are the barn owl, long-eared owl, little owl, buzzard and house sparrow. In the immediate vicinity of the Reevediep, measures have been taken to compensate for the habitat that is lost for these species. Consider, for example, the construction of flowery grassland and rough strips in the area of the Buitendijksweg that should serve as a feeding area for the owls and the buzzard, but also consider placing nesting boxes at farms and houses for the house sparrow.

New swamp area (halfway Buitendijksweg)
In 2014, in anticipation of the construction of the Reevediep, 8 hectares of reed marshes were already created here. Ultimately, this should develop into a swamp area of over 40 hectares where special reed birds such as the great reed warbler, the strangely honking bittern and spotted crake, but also the lake bat feel at home. The special nature of the wetlands is evident from the fact that Brussels has awarded a LIFE + subsidy for the construction of the wetlands. In a few years, residents and holiday-makers will be able to fully enjoy the new nature through the construction of a navigation channel and various walking, strolling and cycling paths.

Black-tailed godwit search farmer (intermediate node 67 and 68)
Many animal and plant species will benefit from the construction of the Reevediep, but unfortunately that does not apply to meadow birds. Because part of the open meadow area to the southwest of Kampen is being lost, new accommodation must be found elsewhere for bird species such as the godwit, lapwing and redshank. With the special action "Black-tailed godwit searches farmer", farmers in the region have been called upon to develop and manage part of their land as an optimal habitat for meadow birds. Farmers in Kamperveen also participate in this!

The city gates of Kampen
This is the Broederpoort, one of the three gates that remain from the medieval fortifications around the Hanseatic city. Built in the 15th century, just like the nearby Cellebroederspoort, the main gate on the city side. In the 16th century, foreigners were only allowed to enter the city through the gate, with its thick insulating walls it also served as a refrigerator for a while! In the winter, large pieces of ice from the canal were stored in it, until the summer they could then use it to cool meat and fish.

The old tile
It takes some searching, but it is really there. On the Broederbrug is a tile with the inscription "KP7", the 7 church point. If you look around here, your gaze will catch no fewer than 7 churches. In Kampen, freedom of religion has led to each Christian movement being allowed and going to build its own church. That is why there are 10 churches and 2 theological universities a stone's throw from each other.

Kamper sturgeon (near junction 41)
In the summer months, just in front of the station, you can see a large fish on the water on the east side of the river. This is the famous Kamper sturgeon. A fish of up to six meters long and equipped with a bell. Once intended as a main course for the bishop who would delight Kampen with a working visit in the 17th century, but just when the cook wanted to fillet the sturgeon, the bishop turned out to be unable to attend. The chance that they would ever catch such a big fish again was very small. The residents of Kampen therefore decided to put a silver bell on the sturgeon and throw it back in the IJssel. They hoped that they could hear where he was. Unfortunately they never heard from him again!

We cycle here under the Molenbrug. This is the most southerly of the three bridges over the IJssel at Kampen, where the summer bed lowering starts. The river is deepened by an average of 2 meters over a length of 7.5 kilometers from the Molenbrug to the Eilandbrug. This summer bed lowering ensures that the IJssel can discharge more water during high water. The Molenbrug is located right next to the mill D 'Olde Zwarver, which explains the name of the bridge, but popularly this bridge is usually called "the new bridge".

Route offered by: Isala IJsseldelta

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