Kampen - Room for the river

  • The Netherlands
  • Overijssel
  • Zwolle
  • 51.69 km (Approximately 03:02 u)
  • Cycling route 777153
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Kampen - Room for the river

  • The Netherlands
  • Overijssel
  • Zwolle
  • 51.69 km (Approximately 03:02 u)
  • Cycling route 777153
Ferry Zalk - Veecaten (near junction 3)
It could just be the back and forth wolf from Pluk van de Petteflet. Call three times and you will be taken to the other side. This centuries-old foot ferry connection is still the only one of the six ferries that were once in service in the municipality of Kampen. In the past it was mainly used for the crossing of children from Veecaten who went to school in Zalk and for churchgoers who went to church in Zalk. It still has the latter function, by the way.
Sailing times:
April, May and September: 10am - 6pm
June to August: 10am - 6pm and 7pm - 9pm

Zalk nature development in the floodplains (between junction 3 and 76)
As part of the Rijkswaterstaat project"Space for the river\\\", the floodplains are being redeveloped in 5 different places due to nature compensation. In the Zalkerbosch, the existing hardwood riparian forest will be expanded by 5 hectares. Ewe forest originated naturally along rivers. Ewe is an old word for wet terrain near a river. Softwood floodplain forests occur in many moist places along the rivers. These forests are dominated by willow trees. Hardwood floodplain forests are forests of the higher, drier parts of the floodplains and mostly consist of oak, elm and ash. These are much rarer in the Netherlands. The Zalkerbosch is one of the few locations in the Netherlands where this still occurs. It is even considered the best developed harhout riparian forest in the Netherlands.

Reevediep (between junction 44 and De Chalmotweg)
The Reevediep is one of the largest"room for the river\\\" measures in the Netherlands. Not only in terms of land take, but especially in terms of the contribution that is made to flood risk management in the area from Zwolle, Hattem, Elburg to Kampen and Zwartewaterland. The Reevediep will create a more than 6 km long connection between the IJssel and the Veluwerandmeren. The approximately 350 hectares of new nature that will be created will mainly consist of wet nature that enhances the character of the river delta, such as reed marsh and open water.

Chalmotweg
Residents of this area have always had to deal with high water. Characteristic farms from that time are therefore built on mounds. In the past, this area was regularly flooded by the IJssel and the former Zuiderzee. On the other side of the road, the last major expansion of the city of Kampen has been completed, the Onderdijks residential area.

Wheels or swirls (between De Chalmotweg and junction 40)
You regularly see wheels (or eddies) along old river dikes. These beautiful still waters are the remains of dike breaches, sometimes caused by drifting ice. This has created deep holes, up to 10 meters deep. The sand from the chamber was deposited behind the chamber. When the water broke through, the force of the water was so great that the dike could no longer be closed. A new section of dike was built around the gully. Here along the Venedijk Noord there are three chambers. Four more can be found south of the high water channel along the Venedijk Zuid.

De Enk nature reserve (between National Road N50 and junction 69)
Here you can see reed beds of nature reserve De Enk with the viaducts of the Hanzelijn and the Rijksweg N50 in the background (the point where the Reevediep crosses this infrastructure). De Enk nature reserve is a remnant of an old estuary of the former Zuiderzee. The Zuiderzee regularly penetrated the area. The area that was isolated for a long time is part of the approximately 350 hectares of new nature that is being created in the Reevediep. In the spring, the black tern is a loyal visitor to De Enk. Birds naturally build their nests on floating aquatic plants, but here, as elsewhere in our country, they are helped by placing artificial nest rafts.

Zwartendijk (past junction 69 at the top of Bovenbroeksweg)
Zwartendijk is an old sea wall that protected Kampen against the former Zuiderzee. There have been many dike breaches here, as can be seen from the many gullies. They are silent witnesses of disasters that happened here in the past.

Nature compensation (start Buitendijksweg)
In addition to meadow birds, a number of other protected bird species also benefit from the mandatory nature compensation. These are the barn owl, long-eared owl, little owl, buzzard and house sparrow. In the immediate vicinity of the Reevediep, measures have been taken to compensate for the habitat that is being lost for these species. Think, for example, of the construction of flower-rich grassland and rough strips in the vicinity of the Buitendijksweg that should serve as a feeding area for owls and buzzards, but also think of placing nesting boxes at farms and homes for the house sparrow.

New swamp area (halfway through Buitendijksweg)
In 2014, 8 hectares of reed marsh were already laid here in anticipation of the construction of the Reevediep. Ultimately, this should develop into a swamp area of over 40 hectares where special reed birds such as the great reed warbler, the strange honking bittern and china grouse, but also the lake bat feel at home. The special nature of the wetland area is apparent from the fact that Brussels has awarded a LIFE+ subsidy for the construction of the wetland area. In a few years' time, residents and holidaymakers will be able to fully enjoy the new nature through the construction of a navigation channel and various walking, strolling and cycling paths.

Black-tailed Godwit looking for farmer (intermediate node 67 and 68)
Many animal and plant species will benefit from the construction of the Reevediep, but unfortunately that does not apply to the meadow birds. Because part of the open meadow area southwest of Kampen is being lost, a new home has to be found elsewhere for bird species such as the black-tailed godwit, lapwing and redshank. With the special action"Godwit seeks farmer\\\" farmers in the region are called upon to set up and manage part of their land as an optimal habitat for meadow birds. Farmers in Kamperveen are also participating!

The city gates of Kampen
This is the Broederpoort, one of the three gates that remain from the medieval defenses surrounding the Hanseatic city. Built in the 15th century, just like the Cellebroederspoort, the most important gate on the city side, located further away. In the 16th century, foreigners were only allowed to enter the city through the gate, with its thick insulating walls it also served as a refrigerator for a while! In the winter, large pieces of ice from the canal were stored in it, until the summer they could cool meat and fish with it.

the old tile
It takes a while to find but it is really there. On the Broederbrug is a tile with the inscription"KP7\\\", the 7 churches point. If you look around you, your eye will catch no less than 7 churches. Freedom of religion in Kampen meant that every Christian movement was allowed to build its own church. That is why there are 10 churches and 2 theological universities within a stone's throw of each other.

Camper sturgeon (near junction 41)
In the summer months, just in front of the station, you can see a large fish on the water on the east side of the river. This is the famous Kamper sturgeon. A fish of up to six meters long and equipped with a bell. Once intended as a main course for the bishop who would delight Kampen with a working visit in the 17th century, but just when the cook wanted to fillet the sturgeon, the bishop was unable to attend. The chance that they would ever catch such a big fish again was very slim. The people of Kampen therefore decided to put a silver bell on the sturgeon and to throw it back into the IJssel. They hoped they could hear where he was. Unfortunately, they never heard from him again!

mill bridge
Here we cycle under the Molenbrug. This is the southernmost of the three bridges over the IJssel near Kampen, where the summer bed lowering begins. Over a length of 7.5 kilometers from the Molenbrug to the Eilandbrug, the river is deepened by an average of 2 meters. This summer bed lowering ensures that the IJssel can discharge more water during high water. The Molenbrug is located right next to the D\\\'Olde Zwarver mill, which explains the name of the bridge, but popularly this bridge is usually called"the new bridge\\\".

Route offered by: Isala IJsseldelta

Directions

# Description Distance
Eendrachtstraat, 8012AK, Zwolle, Overijssel, The Netherlands 0.00 km
3
3 (8275AC, Kampen, Overijssel, The Netherlands) 7.40 km
76
76 (8276, Kampen, Overijssel, The Netherlands) 8.99 km
43
43 (de Zande, 8278AK, Kampen, Overijssel, The Netherlands) 13.09 km
44
44 (8278AL, Kampen, Overijssel, The Netherlands) 13.72 km
69
69 (8265, Kampen, Overijssel, The Netherlands) 19.36 km

Sights

Provided by:

Peter, Overijssel