200 years Kingdom in Haarlem

Haarlem, North Holland, The Netherlands

Cycling route: 145265

based on 3 reviews

Provided by: ONH

25.4 km
01:29 h
448 kcal
16 m


In the early years of the new kingdom, various people, institutions and developments left their mark on the further formation of the country and our identity. This 200 years Kingdom route through Haarlem passes a number of places in the city where these traces are still present. Sometimes very visible, sometimes more hidden. The places have in common that they are all connected in one way or another with the formation of the Dutch State. The route through Haarlem focuses mainly on the first hundred years of the kingdom, but there is also a trip to more recent times. For example, the route passes the country houses of people who played a crucial role in the creation of national institutions, such as the Dutch Bank or the country's first water pipe. A number of places are related to the involvement of King Willem I in the modernization of our country, for example the first railways and the industrial exhibitions. Important historical moments from 200 years of the Kingdom are also reviewed: the battle between the Orangists and the Patriots, the role of Radio Orange in the turbulent war years, and the defense of the country by defenses and water lines. The relationship between the province and the House of Orange is also discussed: for example, the mother of King William I, Princess Wilhelmina of Prussia, liked to use the current provincial house as a summer retreat. This route was developed in honor of the 200th anniversary of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in 2014. For more information about the 200 years of the Kingdom campaign, visit www.oneindignoordholland.nl/nl-NL/ campagne/200jaar/over Fiets along the most controversial stories and historical moments of the past 200 years with the present: 1. Paviljoen Welgelegen The imposing Paviljoen Welgelegen has a special history. The provincial government now resides there. But before it became a provincial house, it was a palace and a museum. King Willem I's mother, Princess Wilhelmina of Prussia, lived here. Many times the king visited his mother here. More information: www.oneindignoordholland.nl/nl-NL/verhalen/9465/paviljoen-welgelegen-setel-van-kunst-royal-power-and-provincial-government 2. Old church of Heemstede In 1840, Nicolaas Beets (1814- 1903) minister of the Dutch Reformed Church in Heemstede. He had'Nicolaas Beets, shepherd\\\' painted on the nameplate of the presbytery. The minister was regularly invited to preach at Court and was regarded by Queen Wilhelmina as an old friend. More information: www.oneindignoordholland.nl/nl-NL/verhalen/9423/de-oude-kerk-van-heemstede-dominee-nicolaas-beets-predikant-van-de-oranjes 3. Landgoed Woestduin Between 1832 and 1845 Jacob lived van Lennep (1802-1868) on the Woestduin country estate. Van Lennep is best known as a writer, but as a politician and lawyer he has also earned his spurs in the social field. He was one of the founders of the Amsterdamse Waterleiding Maatschappij, the first system of water pipes in the Netherlands. More information: www.oneindignoordholland.nl/nl-NL/verhalen/9428/landgoed-woestduin-gevierd-writer-zorgt-voor-eerste-waterleiding-in-nederland 4. Buitenplaats Elswout With the establishment of the Nederlandsche Bank, Willem I wanted to to relaunch corporate lending after the French occupation. It was thanks to the wealthy widow Johanna Borski that the bank did not collapse after only two years. Through a clever construction, the widow would be richly rewarded for this. More information: www.oneindignoordholland.nl/nl-NL/verhalen/9427/landgoed-elswout-steenrijke-weduwe-redde-de-nederlandse-bank 5. Ripperda Barracks In the course of the 19th century, a system of fortifications and water lines that were supposed to make the Kingdom impregnable. The Defense Line of Amsterdam, to which the Ripperda Barracks belonged, served as the very last place of refuge behind which the government and the army could entrench themselves. More information: www.oneindignoordholland.nl/nl-NL/verhalen/9467/ripperda-kazerne-de-verdederen-van-het-koninkrijk 6. Haarlem station The opening of the first railway line from Amsterdam to Haarlem on Friday 20 September 1839 was not self-evident: spoiled milk, breathing problems for the passengers and mills that no longer wanted to turn because the station building would be too high. These were some of the arguments put forward by opponents of the railway. It was all to no avail. Due to the energetic approach of King Willem I, a railway line was created between Haarlem and Amsterdam. More information: www.oneindignoordholland.nl/nl-NL/verhalen/9473/station-haarlem-de-eerste-spoorlijn-van-nederland 7. Kenaupark One of the most famous resistance heroes who stayed in his own country is Hannie Schaft, better known as the'girl with the red hair\\'. A monument is dedicated to Schaft in the Kenaupark. On 21 June 1944, together with Jan Bonekamp, she committed an attack on the Zaanse policeman Ragut at this location. More information: www.oneindignoordholland.nl/nl-NL/verhalen/9426/kenaupark-monument-voor-vrouwelijk-symbol-van-verzet 8. Grote Markt At the end of the 18th century, on the eve of the emergence of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the opponents of the Orange stadtholder, the patriots, triumphed on this square. Their heyday would last only a short time, despite the fact that they could count on the support of the mighty French Army. More information: www.oneindignoordholland.nl/nl-NL/verhalen/9425/grote-markt-oranjegezinden-en-patriotten-op-het-mooiste-plein-van-het-koninkrijk 9. Grote or St. Bavokerk The city of Haarlem King Willem I was particularly grateful for his commitment to the exhibition of National Industry in 1825. An exhibition that was important for the development of Dutch industry. A marble portrait of the king was part of the exhibition and was later placed in one of the chapels of the Sint Bavokerk. More information: www.oneindignoordholland.nl/nl-NL/verhalen/9472/sint-bavokerk-borstbeeld-van-de-koning-koopman-die-het-land-modernisatie 10. Former Drukkerij Johan Enschede, Hotel-Restaurant Stempels Drukkerij John Enschede is one of the oldest family businesses in our country. In 1703 the Haarlem family started printing books. Later, the Haarlemsche Oprechte Courant rolled off the presses and bonds of the city of Haarlem here. More information: www.oneindignoordholland.nl/nl-NL/verhalen/9424/joh-enschede-huisdrukker-van-de-staat
Forest City park Water Nature Route

Height Profile


# Description Distance
86 (2012CD, Haarlem, North Holland, The Netherlands) 0.00 km
22 (2011NC, Haarlem, North Holland, The Netherlands) 2.66 km
haarlem (Haarlem, Haarlem, North Holland, The Netherlands) 3.27 km
21 (2015GR, Bloemendaal, North Holland, The Netherlands) 10.76 km
83 (2111GS, Bloemendaal, North Holland, The Netherlands) 14.23 km
72 (2114BJ, Bloemendaal, North Holland, The Netherlands) 17.28 km


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